Or does this depend on your body type etc etc?? Or how many scoops would i use if i used the scooper from the gold whey box. Prince William mixes up Japanese, Chinese food. It sounds like it could be pretty dangerous on blood sugar levels…do you have a study reference? I weigh now around lbs.
De nombreuses petites et moyennes entreprises PME ont participé à cette étude [ 45 ]. Croissance, emplois et productivité dans le secteur tertiaire: L'augmentation du niveau d'éducation a favorisé l'utilisation d' ordinateurs personnels et de logiciels plus ou moins complexes par un pourcentage croissant de la population [ 47 ]. Les collectivités locales investissent dans la formation sur les TIC pour améliorer la compétitivité des entreprises de leurs territoires [ 48 ].
Les mêmes outils de TIC sont utilisés aussi bien dans le domaine professionnel que dans le domaine privé, ce qui entraîne à la fois un brouillage de la frontière entre ces deux domaines et une stimulation pour se doter de ces outils de TIC [ 49 ] , [ 50 ] , [ 51 ]. La distribution des dépenses par les ménages a sensiblement évolué avec une part croissante de dépenses pour les TIC, même dans les milieux populaires, avec en conséquence une réduction d'autres types de dépenses par exemple, réduction d'achats de journaux , de magazines , de CD Ce phénomène a été analysé par l'agence Aravis [ 53 ] à partir des statistiques sur les dépenses des ménages.
Les résultats montrent que [ 54 ]: Les terminaux des TIC à haut débit ordinateurs personnels et téléphones 3G sont de plus en plus utilisés pour la radio et la télévision en lieu et place des terminaux traditionnels spécifiques à chaque catégorie d' audiovisuel. La possibilité de voir des émissions de télévision en mode différé catch-up TV ou replay et d'écouter des émissions de radio en mode différé par le téléchargement podcast augmente considérablement la gamme de ce qu'on peut voir ou entendre.
En particulier, les jeunes de 14 à 24 ans veulent pouvoir consommer leurs émissions préférées n'importe quand, n'importe où et sur n'importe quel écran [ 57 ]. Le streaming est de plus en plus utilisé, ce qui fait reculer le téléchargement illégal [ 58 ]. Des projets sont réalisés pour utiliser les TIC pour lutter contre l'isolement des séniors, par exemple le projet Monalisa [ 59 ].
La possibilité d'intervenir en temps réel dans les débats et forums apporte un nouveau degré de participation des consommateurs. Grâce au web 2. La rapide augmentation de la capacité des processeurs loi de Moore et la rapide augmentation de la capacité des artères de transmission avec la généralisation des fibres optiques ont entraîné une chute des coûts unitaires des services de communications et surtout une généralisation progressive des systèmes d' accès à Internet à haut débit.
La numérisation de toutes les informations de toute nature: Cette caractéristique est d'autant plus importante que ces infrastructures sont caractérisées par des coûts fixes élevés et des coûts marginaux faibles. Cela a entraîné un profond bouleversement des modèles économiques des opérateurs de télécommunications.
En quinze ans, le marché des TIC a été bouleversé, d'abord avec l'essor phénoménal de la téléphonie mobile et de l'Internet fixe à haut débit, puis récemment avec l'Internet mobile à haut débit, ce qui caractérise l'étape majeure de la convergence des technologies du traitement de l'information et de la communication.
L'évolution des coûts des systèmes des TIC et le développement de la concurrence avec l'émergence nouveaux fournisseurs de service ont favorisé l'essor spectaculaire des offres commerciales des services de l'information et de la communication. Cet essor est caractérisé par des bouquets de service avec des tarifs forfaitaires abordables incluant généralement des appels téléphoniques illimités, un accès à l'Internet à haut débit et un accès à des chaînes de télévision [ 61 ].
L'objectif des opérateurs de télécommunications n'est plus de vendre des minutes de communications, mais de la bande passante et des services à valeur ajoutée. La part des revenus des opérateurs de télécommunications venant de la téléphonie vocale est en baisse constante alors que la part des revenus venant des services de données et de l'Internet est en hausse constante. Au nivaux économique, les indicateurs des TIC sont divisés en quatre grandes catégories: Ces quatre grandes catégories mentionnées sont l'objet des résultats de recherche obtenus par le Partenariat sur la mesure des TIC au service du développement lancé en juin Il est donc important que le développement des TIC soit mesuré par un ensemble d'indicateurs prenant en compte tous les éléments essentiels des TIC et l'accès aux services Internet à haut débit en particulier.
Le nombre total d'internautes dans le monde passera, toujours selon les estimations, le cap des 2,7 milliards fin Dans les pays en développement, il aura plus que triplé entre et pour dépasser le chiffre de 1,8 milliard [ 62 ].
Et rien ne semble devoir arrêter la croissance future du trafic IP: Cette croissance phénoménale est alimentée par l'augmentation du nombre de personnes et d'appareils connectés et par la généralisation de contenus en ligne abondants, diversifiés et, dans la plupart des cas, gratuits [ 62 ]. Parallèlement, à l'heure actuelle, l'internet haut-débit reste financièrement inaccessible pour les pays en développement [ 63 ].
De même que l'accès à internet reste aussi inaccessible aux personnes en situation d' illectronisme , ceci pose le problème de la fracture numérique. L' UIT Union Internationale des Télécommunications est l'institution spécialisée des Nations unies pour les questions relatives aux technologies de l'information et de la communication TIC. L'UIT fournit le système de statistiques sur les TIC qui est le plus complet et le plus fiable en raison des contributions des ministères et autorités de régulation de tous les pays membres [ 64 ].
Les statistiques collectées et distribuées par l'UIT sont relatives aux domaines suivants:. Le site de l' UIT fournit un ensemble de définitions des concepts et des indicateurs caractérisant les Technologies de l'Information et de la Communication [ 65 ] , [ 66 ] , [ 67 ].
Par ailleurs, l'UIT commercialise une base de données sur support informatique ou sur support papier fournissant les données historiques annuelles pour une centaine d'indicateurs caractérisant les TIC pour les pays membres de l'UIT [ 75 ]. En , il y avait plus de 2,4 milliards de téléphones cellulaires, tablettes et PC vendus dans le monde.
De plus, au cours de la même année, millions de tablettes ont été achetées et millions d'ordinateurs portables. Cette structure a été lancée en juin , et se compose des membres suivants: L'objectif de ce Partenariat est d'homogénéiser le choix des indicateurs fondamentaux relatifs aux TIC et de proposer des définitions standard de façon à éviter l'incohérence des appellations et des définitions des indicateurs publiés précédemment à travers le monde et selon les différentes institutions.
Cette homogénéisation est indispensable pour garantir des comparaisons pertinentes des différents pays à une date donnée et une standardisation permet de garantir un suivi pertinent des données historiques d'un pays sur une période donnée.
Liste des indicateurs fondamentaux relatifs aux TIC [ 76 ]. Cet indice a été mis au point par un ensemble d'institutions internationales et un rapport annuel est publié par l' UIT pour actualiser les résultats [ 77 ].
On y trouve la valeur de l'IDI de chaque pays et ses composantes essentielles. On y trouve aussi un autre indicateur fondamental sur le TIC, le coût et l'accessibilité du large bande. Le résumé analytique de fournissait également un autre indicateur fondamental: Des résultats plus complets, et une définition complète du calcul de l'IDI et de ses composantes ainsi qu'une définition du calcul du panier de prix des TIC avec la définition des sous-paniers sont disponibles dans la version anglaise du rapport de Measuring the Information Society [ 79 ].
Chaque année, le Forum économique mondial publie le Networked Readiness Index , un indice défini en fonction de la place, de l'usage et du bénéfice que peut tirer un pays des technologies de l'information et des communications. Cet indice prend en considération une centaine de pays en et permet d'établir un classement mondial. Cet indice reste encore sous le niveau souhaité si l'on tient compte des besoins et des limitations imposées par les situations actuelles. Forum économique mondial, [ 80 ].
Forum économique mondial, [ 81 ]. Un article de Wikipédia, l'encyclopédie libre. Technologies de l'information et de la communication pour l'enseignement. Espace numérique de travail. Definition and Synergies of Cognitive Infocommunications. Lessons and New Considerations. Technologies de l'information et de la communication Informatique Télécommunications Terminologie de l'informatique Technologies de l'information et de la communication pour l'enseignement. Espaces de noms Article Discussion.
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Politique de confidentialité À propos de Wikipédia Avertissements Contact Développeurs Déclaration sur les témoins cookies Version mobile. Burger King credits the design of this box with helping to make its Chicken Fries the most popular adult-oriented chicken product in the United States. Union Packaging, a minority-owned, Philadelphia-based paper products company, has supplied much of the packaging for Burger King's North American operations since winning its first contract in Over time, the company reformulates various products in an attempt to boost sales of the product or to improve the taste, appearance, or physical consistency of the product.
Burger King's original fish sandwich, introduced as early as the late s in some markets, was called the Whaler; it was a smaller fish sandwich made with tartar sauce and lettuce served on the small sesame seed roll BK used for their hamburgers.
When Burger King introduced its broiled chicken sandwich in , the BK Broiler , it changed the fish sandwich's breading to a panko style, began serving it on an oatmeal-dusted roll that was used for the broiled chicken sandwich, and renamed the product the Ocean Catch sandwich. One of the company's larger product reformulations came in March The new formulation was described by the company as being " more broadly appealing " to the palate of its customers according to statement released by the company.
Nation's Restaurant News analyst John Barone stated that the change may also be due to an industry wide move to chicken-based product as a result of raising commodity prices, forcing restaurants to turn towards chicken-based offerings due to the elevated pork and beef prices occurring during the previous year.
He added that chicken breast costs have been down or flat during the same period, making it a more appealing choice to companies. The new product push was accompanied with a product tie-in with the movie Hop aimed at the youth market, an adult-oriented advertising campaign pushing convenience and product customization and a nationwide coupon mailing in the United States. Online advertising was emphasized with the release a Facebook gaming application it called the "Tender 8".
To generate additional sales, BK will occasionally introduce limited time offers LTO that are versions of its core products or new products intended for either long- or short-term sales. Many of these LTO products focus on core menu products such as the Whopper, which has featured variations such as the Texas Double Whopper with added jalapeños , bacon, and pepperjack cheese. Other LTOs include all-new sandwiches like the Chick'n Crisp sandwich now a permanent item in many regions and test products such as the company's Great American Burger, which was an attempt at a premium sandwich in It was made with a Whopper patty and several new ingredients, including a bakery-style bun; peppered bacon; whole-leaf, as opposed to shredded, lettuce; seasoned mustard; and a special sauce.
The burger was served with American cheese, mayonnaise, tomato, and onions. It was designed to be cooked on a forerunner of the current batch broiler. Other LTO products sought to expand existing product lines with new base ingredients. The company's offering, a Meatloaf Specialty Sandwich , was introduced as part of a push into limited table service.
Steak sandwiches were made from steak fillets or later, restructured beef. Other offerings were a ham and cheese sandwich with mayonnaise, lettuce, and tomato, and a veal parmigiana sandwich.
The company is not above following trends within the fast food and fast casual industry; two of examples of this can be seen in some of its former products. The introduction of BK Burger Shots , Burger King's version of sliders , was part of a wider trend in the restaurant industry for this type of sandwich. The variation sold in the UK and Ireland is called the Angus 6 Pack; it is six small burgers that are attached together.
In , Burger King began licensing its logo and items to outside companies for non-Burger King products. A licensed products company, Broad Street Licensing Group, and its manufacturing partner, the Inventure Group, introduced the first products in the fall of that year: Inventure added a third flavor, onion rings, in Industry pundits have criticized the company for this scheme, with Rob Frankel, author of the book The Revenge of Brand X , stating "just because you can do something does not mean you should.
The licensing deals have proven successful. Broad Street has expanded the product line to seventeen countries across the globe while increasing selection to more than a half dozen products designed to mimic the flavors of some of Burger King's core menu products.
The success of the product line and licensing deals garnered the companies an award for "Brand Extension of the Year" from License! ConAgra Foods entered into a licensing agreement with Burger King in for a new line of microwavable French fry products. The new products are King Krinkz, which are seasoned crinkle-cut fries; King Kolossalz, an extra-large package of fries; and King Wedgez, seasoned potato wedges. The products were slated to be released in September The packaging is designed to resemble BK's FryPod fry container.
Burger King has introduced several new products that performed well in testing, but did not catch on with the public.
The failure of the BK Baguette line of sandwiches is an example a product that did not meet corporate expectations; another earlier failure was the Bull's-eye Barbecue Burger.
The sandwich consisted of two side-by-side hamburger patties, American cheese, and bacon, with Bull's-eye Barbecue brand barbecue sauce. Later it was sold as a traditional-style double cheeseburger. In , during its time under the ownership of Britain-based Grand Metropolitan, Burger King experimented with table service. Customers were given complimentary popcorn to eat while waiting for their meal.
To coincide with the offering, a series of meals called the Dinner baskets were introduced. The dinner came with two sides, including a choice of a side salad, cole slaw , French fries, or baked potato. Lasting approximately a year, the sit-down restaurant concept was abandoned in in favor of the original quick-service formula.
Another failed product, this time under Grand Metropolitan's successor Diageo, was the BK Back Porch Grillers line of burgers that featured a spiced and flavored patty served on a bakery-style roll. There were two varieties: The Regular served with mayonnaise, whole leaf iceberg lettuce, tomato and grilled onions, and the Bacon Cheddar, with bacon and smoked cheddar cheese.
The Griller patty was flavored so that it had a taste similar to a hamburger that had been grilled over a charcoal-fired grill. These larger, adult-oriented sandwiches were made with fried and grilled chicken or a Whopper patty and a variety of toppings and served on a Kaiser roll. Toppings included a mango lime sauce, avocado , aioli , a Cajun spiced sauce, and relish.
Originally successful, the sandwiches piqued the interest of Burger King's corporate offices and were being considered for a potential global rollout. However, interest in the product faded and they were discontinued. Introduced as a direct challenge of corporate rival McDonald's, the Big King was Burger King's response to the Big Mac and had a similar style and taste. The name was switched to Big King when it was introduced nationally in , and again to the King Supreme when reintroduced in The Big King sandwich's recipe is exactly the same as the original s recipe, including a three-piece roll.
Like many of its competitors, BK has been targeted by various animal welfare groups, such as PETA , over the treatment of the animals it uses in the manufacture of its ingredients. In a concession to these groups, BK agreed to adopt a series of policies for its suppliers for several of its raw animal products.
The company has established a preference for purchasing eggs and pork-based products from those suppliers that use cage-free production methods. As part of its guidelines, Burger King stated that it would begin conducting announced and unannounced inspections of the slaughterhouses for all of its meat suppliers and take action against facilities that fail those inspections.
It would establish animal-handling verification guidelines for all the slaughterhouses of its suppliers. The company would require its suppliers to confine no more than five hens in each battery cage , that the birds be able to stand fully upright, and require the presence of two water drinkers per cage. It would stop purchasing from suppliers who engage in the forced molting of hens, develop auditing procedures for the handling of "broiler" chickens, and institute humane handling procedures for chickens at slaughterhouses.
It would begin purchasing pork from farms that do not confine sows to stalls. The USDA agreed with the request, stating "it is granting your petition and is developing a proposed rule that addresses the issue of humane handling. The company amended its purchasing guidelines in A third round of guidelines was issued in April when the company announced that it would begin phasing in a plan to stop purchasing poultry and pork products from suppliers that caged animals.
Heinz Company is a significant supplier of condiments to Burger King. Kraft foods has supplied many of its products to BK over the years. Several of its condiment lines have found their way into BK menu items. Two Kraft products were involved in direct tie-ins: During the late s, Tyson Foods was devising new methods to broaden their market, including introducing smaller consumer packaging and landing military contracts.
The company expanded its commercial division by offering new products to McDonald's and Burger King. Tyson's McDonald's product eventually evolved into Chicken McNuggets while Burger King's product became the basis of its chicken sandwiches. Despite a production-significant lead time, the estimated four-month product supply lasted Burger king less than three months.
Coli outbreak at one of Burger King's largest beef providers, Hudson Foods, gave Tyson Foods one of its largest business coups. Hudson was one of the largest poultry providers in the United States and one of Tyson's largest competitors when they moved into beef processing at the behest of Burger King.
Once it had secured a contract with Burger King, Hudson opened a beef processing plant in Nebraska. When the plant was identified as the source of an E. Coli breakout in , Burger King abandoned the company as a supplier.
McCain Foods became a supplier of potato products to the company in , shortly after an agreement with farmers in Maine to supply potatoes for use in the fast food market. Edwards Baking provides Burger King with prepackaged pies and pie-style desserts while providing oversight and assistance with the chain's dessert products.
BK is one of Edwards' major national contracts, where the company provides Burger King with assistance in marketing programs, point-of-purchase advertising materials, market research, and other resources. Edwards has a full-time staff assigned to Burger King's headquarters in Miami. Burger King sold a line of Awrey products including danish , doughnuts, and birthday cakes.
Since , Burger King has continued using Coca-Cola as its beverage supplier, renewing its contract in several times. After the rollout, it was discovered that Coca-Cola employees had faked product test information to bolster prospective sales numbers in an effort to entice franchisees to enroll in a summertime advertising push.
Several Coke employees were terminated, and Coca-Cola changed the in-store promotional materials to emphasize the Icee name. The contract gave Coca-Cola new access to the 3, operating or planned restaurants on the Asia-Pacific rim, in Europe, and in South and Central America. Burger King's supply contracts for non-carbonated beverages are separate from the ones for its sodas.
When the company first chose to introduce a bottled water product, it chose Nestlé 's Poland Spring brand over Coke's Dasani. When the contract expired in , BK moved to Pepsi's Aquafina , the top-selling brand at the time.
BK is utilizing a popular brand name to promote its products in a move to draw customers' attention to itself and its meal programs. Despite the investment in the Douwe Egbert product, Burger King announced it would be phasing out the Cafitesse system in the United States in the summer of in favor of Starbucks' Seattle's Best brand of coffee.
The company predicted the number of free cups of coffee would number between two and four million. For many years Burger King has sold beer in several of its international locations, such as Germany, but not in its home territory.
The move, designed to target the important and-under demographic, has been called risky by industry analysts because the company is known as a fast food purveyor and not as an alcoholic beverages seller.
Other industry consultants have disagreed with the assessment, believing that the move is timely because the company is growing with its aging customer base. For many years Burger King owned and operated its own distribution system, known originally as Distron. Distron, founded shortly after establishment of Burger King, primarily served the company-owned stores and 50—60 percent of franchised stores.
Franchise groups were free to purchase supplies from one of seventeen independent distribution systems, often operated by larger franchise groups such as Carrols Restaurant Group.
The move resulted in the layoff of over a hundred staff members. The creation of RSI was based on a proposal by then-CEO Barry Gibbons create an organization that would be autonomous from BK corporate operations, provide full financial disclosure to participants on pricing issues and revenues, and enjoy the participation of the entire chain to maximize the benefits of volume purchasing.
The format of RSI was based on the system employed by KFC for its distribution system and was operated in a similar manner. Currently the company utilizes independent distributors such as Maines Paper and Food Service and Sysco for supplying North American stores with food and paper products. From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia.
Hamburgers chicken french fries soft drinks milkshakes salads desserts breakfast hot dogs. History of Burger King. Burger King breakfast sandwiches. Value meal and Value theory. Florida portal Companies portal Food portal Drink portal. Would you like chips with that?
Roadside Restaurants in the Automobile Age 1st ed. Retrieved June 15, Retrieved January 25, Retrieved October 22, Retrieved October 19, Retrieved October 23, Retrieved October 21, Retrieved October 24, Retrieved December 4, Television ads for Burger King's all-white-meat Chicken Tenders—pulled last April because of a purported chicken supply shortage-- are back on the network airwaves.
And so, apparently, is the Pillsbury-owned chain's resolve to confront its chief rival, McDonald's, head on. The Fish Tenders are new, but the Chicken Tenders are reformulated versions of a product that Burger King rolled out several years ago. Retrieved March 11, Retrieved June 6, New marketing, product rollouts energize BK journey back to fast-food royalty".
Retrieved June 3, Archived from the original on May 28, Retrieved June 26, Retrieved October 27, BK recovery aided by sales jump, Chicken Fries". Retrieved February 15, Retrieved October 9, Archived from the original on December 3, Retrieved January 26, South Florida Business Journal.
Archived from the original PDF on December 26, Retrieved December 29, Retrieved July 16, Archived from the original on June 6, Archived from the original on February 6, Archived from the original on September 29, Retrieved September 11, Retrieved June 10, Retrieved September 26, Retrieved December 3, Restaurants say offering lumberjack portions of fat and sodium-laden food is giving customers what they want and providing them with choices.
QSR Magazine Press release. Retrieved October 25, Retrieved October 20, Retrieved October 12, Archived from the original on May 16, Archived from the original on July 15, Retrieved December 1, Archived from the original on July 6, Retrieved February 17, Marketing Hospitality 3rd ed.
Miami-based Burger King has been looking to improve its breakfast menu Retrieved March 31, Burger King has added a breakfast bowl and muffin sandwich to its breakfast menu. Archived from the original on March 8, Retrieved September 8, Retrieved December 10, Archived from the original on February 7, Retrieved October 1, Retrieved May 19, Archived from the original on November 6, Archived from the original on February 15, Retrieved March 28, The Hungry Jacks "Aussie Burger" has tomato, lettuce, onion, cheese, bacon, beetroot, egg, ketchup and a meat patty.
Archived from the original on June 7, Archived from the original on October 26, Retrieved March 1, When ordering chicken in China, take note.
The Chinese prefer dark meat chicken, not white. Retrieved November 2, Retrieved June 29, Archived from the original on April 3, Archived from the original on January 3, Retrieved October 13, Retrieved June 7, With its old conveyor broiler, the chain's research and development team was limited to rolling out products that fit the speed of the conveyor chain.
Archived from the original on February 19, Archived from the original on March 12, Retrieved September 15, Archived from the original on February 18, Wireless Business and Technologies. Archived from the original on August 29, Retrieved October 14, Retrieved June 8, For one thing, McDonald's is playing catch-up with Diageo unit Burger King and Wendy's, which have offered made-to-order sandwiches for years. The new made-to-order, indulgent TenderCrisp Chicken Sandwich Retrieved November 11, Retrieved June 5, The premiums, developed with Sassy Archived from the original on January 26, Burger King, shortly after launching its new meal, was sued by McDonald's for unfair competition.
In the lawsuit McDonald's challenged BK's use of the term "Big Kids Meal", claiming that it was the same name McDonald's had used the previous summer during a three-week meal promotion in southeastern Michigan. A federal court judge in Detroit eventually ruled that "kids meal" was a generic term and that Burger King, a division of London-based Diageo PLC, could use it. Diddy ad crown Burger King rebound". Archived from the original on June 18, Success has come from new "premium" flame-broiled products with high profit margins, quality chicken products and value menus Some of these new products include a "game-changing" extra-thick burger, bone-in-ribs, grilled fish sandwiches, and a new grilled chicken sandwich.
Retrieved October 17, But though those lines may be blurred, they're far from broken. A premium burger still doesn't turn Burger King into a sit-down restaurant with table service. It may work for now, but when Goldilocks gets back on her feet again, her version of "just right" may return to where it was. Retrieved August 21, Burger King Is on the Rebound". BK aims to reign supreme, orders menu changes".
The menu overhaul is part of a chain-wide effort led by chairman and chief executive John Dasburg to reverse declining sales and traffic trends in preparation for Burger King's much-anticipated separation from London-based parent Diageo PLC. Archived from the original on December 17, It's good to be king. But, if you can't be king, then it's good to be associated with the King. Kellogg has decided to go for the latter.
In Calhoun, Jack W. Contemporary Marketing 13th ed. Retrieved October 29, The Chicken Fries are coming. Yes, I said Chicken Fries.
Tomorrow, Burger King officially rolls out its latest fast-food creation. The chain is hoping that its latest clever menu entry — chicken breast meat rolled into the shape of a french fry, then breaded and fried — will win over new fans in the brutally competitive fast-food wars. Retrieved October 28, Retrieved February 12, That's BK's term for mostly to year-old males who gobble fast food at the devil-may-care clip of nine to 16 times a month.
While they're just 18 percent of Burger King's customers, they account for about half of all visits to the stores. Archived from the original on February 4, Retrieved February 1, Retrieved September 19, Retrieved January 23, Archived from the original on July 10, Archived from the original on June 16, Retrieved October 3, Two popular kid's meals, Kentucky Fried Chicken's "Laptop" meal and Burger King's "Big Kids" meal, are well over double the recommended calorie count, at and calories respectively, the CSPI investigation found.
Retrieved September 21, Retrieved September 12, Retrieved October 4, Archived from the original on June 1, Archived from the original on July 23, Retrieved October 26,